Top Nine reasons to keep your horse away from raw soy and soybean meal.
What is Soybean meal?Soybean meal is the product remaining after extracting most of the oil from whole soybeans. The oil may be removed by solvent extraction or by an expeller process in which the beans are heated and squeezed. The nutrient composition of the oil extracted soybean meal 48 is shown in the table below. Soybean meal is high in protein and energy and is one of the most commonly used protein supplements in North America. It is a palatable feedstuff and may be used as the major protein supplement in rations for dairy cattle.
Solvent extracted soybean meal 48
Neutral Detergent Fiber
Acid Detergent Fiber
Total Digestible Nutrients
98% of the soy produced in the US ends up in animal feed.Most of this soy is genetically modified and then solvent extracted to remove the soy bean oil.Soybean oil is then sold as the primary product and the meal is sold as a by-product into the feed industry.The anti-nutrient effects of soy are well documented in the literature and easy to find.The removal of some but all of these anti-nutrient effects point to cooking at high heat.The extraction by solvent to create soybean meal is often preceded by a cooking process.Cooking is different than roasting which is a high temperature process by where the beans are passed through a high (2600F) heat flame, raising the internal temperature of the beans to 275F.And now, the top 9 reasons: Soybeans contain excellent quality proteins, as amino acids, fairly well-balanced for performance.However, raw soybeans contain two toxic enzymes:Urease and lipoxdase which many horses react to.This makes it very important to roast them before using them in horse feeds.The flame-roasting process eliminates these “anti-nutrients” and turns the soybeans into an efficient source of the particular amino acids useful to the horse, as well as concentrated energy.
Many horses are allergic to the soy that is in the horse feeds today.Soy can be present as soybean meal (a byproduct of the soybean oil industry), raw beans, or roasted beans.Certain specific types of protein in soybeans have been shown to cause an inflammatory response in the intestine when exceptionally high levels of soybean meal are included in diets for early-weaned pigs (similar to horses). This allergic response seems to be greater if pigs are exposed to soybean meal (for example, in the sow's feed) before they are weaned. The processing that soybeans undergo in the production of soy protein concentrate seems to reduce the amount of these antigenic proteins.So it is difficult to tell how the soybeans were processed when reading a label on a bag of feed andfor the normal consumer it is near impossible to determine if their animal will have a reaction.
The anti-nutrients in soy are potent enzyme inhibitors that block the action of trypsin, erypsin, and other enzymes needed for protein digestion.These inhibitors are large, tightly folded proteins that are not completely deactivated during ordinary cooking. They can produce serious gastric distress, reduced protein digestion and chronic deficiencies in amino acid uptake. In test animals, diets high in trypsin inhibitors cause enlargement and pathological conditions of the pancreas, including cancer.These anti-nutrients can be destroyed by heating during processing, but not all soybeans are heat treated to create soybean oil and processing does not remove all of them.Most soybean meal is made through a solvent extraction process.
Soy and soybean meal contain goitrogens - substances that depress thyroid function.The thyroid is the regulator of metabolism.When thyroid function is depressed the horse gains weight and exhibits the classical signs of ‘metabolic shutdown’.Some of the literature claims that these goitrogens are destroyed with heat treatment, but there is little scientific evidence to prove this information.
Additionally 99% a very large percentage of soy is genetically modified and it also has one of the highest percentages contamination by pesticides of any of our foods.
Soybeans are high in phytic acid (phytate), present in the bran or hulls of all seeds. It's a substance that can block the uptake of essential minerals - calcium, magnesium, copper, iron and especially zinc - in the intestinal tract.Although not a household word, phytic acid has been extensively studied; there are literally hundreds of articles on the effects of phytic acid in the current scientificliterature. Scientists are in general agreement that grain- and legume-baseddiets high in phytates contribute to widespread mineral deficiencies.Diets high in phytates result in waste material high in phosphorous and hence pollution.Genetically-modified soy is lower in phytic acid than non-genetically modified soy.
Another concern with soy is that it contains a natural chemical that powerfully mimics estrogen, the female hormone.Some studies in animals show that this chemical can alter sexual development. And in fact, 2 glasses of soy milk/day, over the course of one month, contain enough of the chemical to change the timing of a normal menstrual cycle.
Soy and soybean meal have their benefits.The use of soy in food originated in the orient and to this day, the asian diet incorporates a small amount of this product almost as a spice.This makes sense from the stand point of moderation.However the processed food diets for horses and humans in the US contain excessive amount of this ingredient which is resulting in insulin resistance, metabolic shutdown, foal health problems, premature puberty, allergies and more.
Soybean meal is made by extraction with a solvent.When extraction occurs unless there is a high quality solvent used (i.e. 99% pure) there are chemical residues left behind.Originally soybeans were extracted usingtrichloroethylene (dry-cleaning solvent) whose resides proved toxic to animals.Other solvents include hexane and pentane which are quite flammable and evaporate into the atmosphere adding to pollution of the earth.
For more information--- Newest Research On Why You Should Avoid Soy, by Sally Fallon & Mary G. Enig, Ph.D.The World’s Most Popular Natural Health Newsletter
The Farmer’s Pride, KPPA News, Vol. 11, No. 20, November 10, 1999 Rackis, et al., ibid., p. 22; "Evaluation of the Health Aspects of Soy Protein Isolates as Food Ingredients", prepared for FDA by Life Sciences Research Office, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20014), USA, Contract No. FDA 223-75-2004, 1979.